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Researchers Track Down Cause of Eye Mobility Disorder

Iowa City, IA (Scicasts) — Imagine you cannot move your eyes up, and you cannot lift your upper eyelid. You walk through life with your head tilted upward so that your eyes look straight when they are rolled down in the eye socket. Obviously, such a condition should be corrected to allow people a normal position of their head.

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Progress in Understanding Immune Response in Severe Schistosomiasis

Boston, MA (Scicasts) — Researchers at the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts and Tufts University School of Medicine (TUSM) have uncovered a mechanism that may help explain the severe forms of schistosomiasis, or snail fever, which is caused by schistosome worms and is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in the world.

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Physicist Creates New Nanoparticle for Cancer Therapy

Arlington, TX (Scicasts) — A University of Texas at Arlington physicist working to create a luminescent nanoparticle to use in security-related radiation detection may have instead happened upon an advance in photodynamic cancer therapy.

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Over the Hill at 24, Says Study

Burnaby, BC, Canada (Scicasts) – It’s a hard pill to swallow, but if you’re over 24 years of age you’ve already reached your peak in terms of your cognitive motor performance, according to a new Simon Fraser University study.

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Finding the Switch: Researchers Create Roadmap for Gene Expression

Raleigh, NC (Scicasts) – In a new study, researchers from North Carolina State University, UNC-Chapel Hill and other institutions have taken the first steps toward creating a roadmap that may help scientists narrow down the genetic cause of numerous diseases.

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Hereditary Trauma and How It May Be Mediated

Zurich, Switzerland (Scicasts) – Extreme and traumatic events can change a person – and often, years later, even affect their children. Researchers of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich have now unmasked a piece in the puzzle of how the inheritance of traumas may be mediated.

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Chemists Design Nanoparticles That Can Deliver Three Cancer Drugs at a Time

Cambridge, MA (Scicasts) – Delivering chemotherapy drugs in nanoparticle form could help reduce side effects by targeting the drugs directly to the tumours. In recent years, scientists have developed nanoparticles that deliver one or two chemotherapy drugs, but it has been difficult to design particles that can carry any more than that in a precise ratio.

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Regenerating Muscle in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Age Matters

La Jolla, CA (Scicasts) – A team of scientists led by Dr. Pier Lorenzo Puri, associate professor at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham), in collaboration with Fondazione Santa Lucia in Rome, Italy, have published details of how a class of drugs called "HDACis" drive muscle-cell regeneration in the early stages of dystrophic muscles, but fail to work in late stages.

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Penicillin Redux: Rearming Proven Warriors for the 21st Century

Columbia, SC (Scicasts) – Penicillin, one of the scientific marvels of the 20th century, is currently losing a lot of battles it once won against bacterial infections. But scientists at the University of South Carolina have just reported a new approach to restoring its combat effectiveness, even against so-called "superbugs."

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Amino Acid Fingerprints Revealed in New Study

Tempe, AZ (Scicasts) – Some three billion base pairs make up the human genome – the floorplan of life. In 2003, the Human Genome Project announced the successful decryption of this code, a tour de force that continues to supply a stream of insights relevant to human health and disease.

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New Mouse Model Could Revolutionize Research in Alzheimer’s Disease

Saitama, Japan (Scicasts) – Alzheimer’s disease, the primary cause of dementia in the elderly, imposes a tremendous social and economic burden on modern society. In Japan, the burden of the disease in 2050 is estimated to be a half a trillion US dollars, a figure equivalent to the government’s annual revenues.

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Splice Variants Reveal Connections Among Autism Genes

San Diego, CA (Scicasts) – A team of researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Center for Cancer Systems Biology (CCSB) at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute has uncovered a new aspect of autism, revealing that proteins involved in autism interact with many more partners than previously known.

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